4. Forms of Representation and Epistemic Models
The specifically culturally open situation of the Enlightenment can be seen in particular in the profound modification of the prevailing orders of knowledge. This is discernible in the steadily growing multiplicity of interpretations of the world, as well as in the epistemic models that shaped and structured it. This research theme addresses the artistic, communicative, and discursive dimensions of this epistemological change. Given the prerequisite of a tight functional connection between theory and practice, specific models of interpretation and appropriation of the world will be investigated, as well as their respective manifestations in the media.
The focus will be most of all on interpretive models that are temporal, structural, oriented towards transcendence and rhetorical/pragmatic and on their essential incorporation in the context of symbolic representation. This will allow for a nuanced access to the type of analysis gathered under the banner of the Enlightenment, that is, to the dissolution of boundaries, shifts, and contingencies that occurred under its influence, as well as to the newly established standards and obligations in the field of epistemology. Thus, this research theme sheds new light on the Enlightenment as the basis and driving force for a cognitive reordering which also takes into account the inherent dynamic aspect of any system of knowledge.
Enlightenment, Classicism and the Classics. Concepts of periods as historical constructions in European Context
Elisabeth Décultot, Martin Dönike, Claudia Keller und Denis Stante
The goal of this project is to investigate the terms given to the periods of the Enlightenment, Classicism and the Classics as historical constructions and hence to ask about their meaning for a retrospective understanding of the long 18th century. The reconstruction of terminological and intellectual-historical contexts will pay particular attention to internationally diverging terminological traditions and historical asynchronicities across Europe.
Philosophical Theories on Memory in the Enlightenment
Despite the intensive interdisciplinary interest in matters of memory and the culture of memory that has been prevailing for quite some time, there is currently no comprehensive study on the theory of memory in the philosophy of the early modern period and the Enlightenment.
Historia Literaria. Organisation, Interpretation, Retention, and Transmission of Knowledge
The Historia literaria - the history of letters - was in the late 17th and throughout the 18th century a prominent and highly successful medium for the organisation, interpretation, retention, and transmission of knowledge.
Amusement and Risk: Enlightenment as a Game in the French and Italian 18th Century
Enlightenment research has so far paid little attention to the concept of game. Although it is not uncommon to characterize the works of certain authors as "playful", the adjective is usually used metaphorically and accordingly imprecisely.